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Analysis of the Site Selection and Defense Layout of Ming Dynasty Western Fan Guards from the Perspective of GIS

Received: 17 November 2023    Accepted: 9 December 2023    Published: 14 December 2023
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Abstract

During the Ming Dynasty, due to the existence of the Northern Yuan regime on the northern border, the military and political status of the Ming government in the north was threatened. Therefore, in order to consolidate political power and strengthen rule, the Ming government established many garrisons in the northwest region, which were called the "Western Guards" at that time. The Western Guards formed a horizontal and vertical defensive belt in the northwest. The horizontal defense belt originated in Jiuquan, Gansu Province, and extended eastward along the Yanhe West Corridor; The vertical defense belt began in Xining today and flows south through Hezhou, Taozhou, Minzhou, and other areas. Hezhou Wei, Taozhou Wei, and Minzhou Wei are important nodes in the vertical defense belt. This article will use GIS software to analyze the terrain and topography of the three Wei cities of He, Tao, and Min, study the site selection and construction of the Wei cities, and explore the defense system of the Western Guards. It will also explore the military and political significance of the Northwest Defense Line in the Ming Dynasty.

DOI 10.11648/j.sd.20231106.20
Published in Science Discovery (Volume 11, Issue 6, December 2023)
Page(s) 267-270
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

The Garrisons in the Northwest During, Construction of the Acropolis, Defense Facilities, Urban Space

References
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  • APA Style

    Linping, Y., Minan, Y., Feiyan, D., Guangyao, S. (2023). Analysis of the Site Selection and Defense Layout of Ming Dynasty Western Fan Guards from the Perspective of GIS. Science Discovery, 11(6), 267-270. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sd.20231106.20

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    ACS Style

    Linping, Y.; Minan, Y.; Feiyan, D.; Guangyao, S. Analysis of the Site Selection and Defense Layout of Ming Dynasty Western Fan Guards from the Perspective of GIS. Sci. Discov. 2023, 11(6), 267-270. doi: 10.11648/j.sd.20231106.20

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    AMA Style

    Linping Y, Minan Y, Feiyan D, Guangyao S. Analysis of the Site Selection and Defense Layout of Ming Dynasty Western Fan Guards from the Perspective of GIS. Sci Discov. 2023;11(6):267-270. doi: 10.11648/j.sd.20231106.20

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  • @article{10.11648/j.sd.20231106.20,
      author = {Yang Linping and Yang Minan and Ding Feiyan and Sheng Guangyao},
      title = {Analysis of the Site Selection and Defense Layout of Ming Dynasty Western Fan Guards from the Perspective of GIS},
      journal = {Science Discovery},
      volume = {11},
      number = {6},
      pages = {267-270},
      doi = {10.11648/j.sd.20231106.20},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sd.20231106.20},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.sd.20231106.20},
      abstract = {During the Ming Dynasty, due to the existence of the Northern Yuan regime on the northern border, the military and political status of the Ming government in the north was threatened. Therefore, in order to consolidate political power and strengthen rule, the Ming government established many garrisons in the northwest region, which were called the "Western Guards" at that time. The Western Guards formed a horizontal and vertical defensive belt in the northwest. The horizontal defense belt originated in Jiuquan, Gansu Province, and extended eastward along the Yanhe West Corridor; The vertical defense belt began in Xining today and flows south through Hezhou, Taozhou, Minzhou, and other areas. Hezhou Wei, Taozhou Wei, and Minzhou Wei are important nodes in the vertical defense belt. This article will use GIS software to analyze the terrain and topography of the three Wei cities of He, Tao, and Min, study the site selection and construction of the Wei cities, and explore the defense system of the Western Guards. It will also explore the military and political significance of the Northwest Defense Line in the Ming Dynasty.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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    AU  - Yang Linping
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    AB  - During the Ming Dynasty, due to the existence of the Northern Yuan regime on the northern border, the military and political status of the Ming government in the north was threatened. Therefore, in order to consolidate political power and strengthen rule, the Ming government established many garrisons in the northwest region, which were called the "Western Guards" at that time. The Western Guards formed a horizontal and vertical defensive belt in the northwest. The horizontal defense belt originated in Jiuquan, Gansu Province, and extended eastward along the Yanhe West Corridor; The vertical defense belt began in Xining today and flows south through Hezhou, Taozhou, Minzhou, and other areas. Hezhou Wei, Taozhou Wei, and Minzhou Wei are important nodes in the vertical defense belt. This article will use GIS software to analyze the terrain and topography of the three Wei cities of He, Tao, and Min, study the site selection and construction of the Wei cities, and explore the defense system of the Western Guards. It will also explore the military and political significance of the Northwest Defense Line in the Ming Dynasty.
    
    VL  - 11
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Author Information
  • School of Architecture, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China; School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou, China

  • School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou, China

  • School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou, China

  • School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou, China

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